Periodontal disease

Periodontal Disease: Understanding the Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a condition that affects the supporting tissues of the teeth. It can range from mild inflammation to severe damage to the gums and bone structure that supports the teeth. In this article, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment of periodontal disease.


  1. Definition of periodontal disease
  2. Importance of maintaining oral health

Causes of Periodontal Disease

  1. Plaque buildup
  2. Tartar formation
  3. Poor oral hygiene
  4. Genetics
  5. Smoking
  6. Hormonal changes
  7. Certain medications
  8. Medical conditions

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

  1. Swollen or red gums
  2. Bleeding gums
  3. Receding gums
  4. Bad breath
  5. Loose teeth
  6. Pus between teeth and gums
  7. Changes in bite
  8. Mouth sores

Stages of Periodontal Disease

  1. Gingivitis
  2. Periodontitis

Diagnosis of Periodontal Disease

  1. Physical examination
  2. Dental X-rays
  3. Periodontal probing
  4. Other diagnostic tests

Treatment of Periodontal Disease

  1. Non-surgical treatments
  2. Scaling and root planing
  3. Antibiotics
  4. Surgical treatments
  5. Flap surgery
  6. Bone grafting
  7. Soft tissue grafting
  8. Guided tissue regeneration

Prevention of Periodontal Disease

  1. Brushing and flossing regularly
  2. Using mouthwash
  3. Eating a balanced diet
  4. Avoiding tobacco products
  5. Regular dental checkups

Complications of Periodontal Disease

  1. Tooth loss
  2. Increased risk of heart disease
  3. Respiratory problems
  4. Complications in pregnancy


Periodontal disease can cause serious damage to your teeth and gums if left untreated. It is important to maintain good oral hygiene and seek professional dental care to prevent and treat the disease.


  1. Is periodontal disease curable?
  • While there is no cure for periodontal disease, it can be managed with proper treatment and maintenance.
  1. Is gum disease contagious?
  • No, gum disease is not contagious.
  1. Can gum disease cause other health problems?
  • Yes, gum disease has been linked to an increased risk of heart disease, respiratory problems, and complications in pregnancy.
  1. What is the best way to prevent periodontal disease?
  • Maintaining good oral hygiene, eating a balanced diet, and avoiding tobacco products are the best ways to prevent periodontal disease.
  1. Can periodontal disease be prevented in children?
  • Yes, parents can help their children prevent periodontal disease by teaching them good oral hygiene habits from a young age and scheduling regular dental checkups.