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Root Canals: Understanding the Procedure, Cost, and Aftercare

Root canals are one of the most common dental procedures performed in the United States. They are designed to save a tooth that has been severely damaged or infected, eliminating the need for extraction. However, many people are hesitant to undergo this treatment because they are unsure of what to expect. In this article, we will explain everything you need to know about root canals, including the procedure, cost, and aftercare.

What is a root canal?

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A root canal is a dental procedure designed to save a tooth that has become infected or damaged. It involves removing the damaged or infected pulp from the tooth and then cleaning and sealing the tooth’s interior to prevent further infection.

Why is a root canal necessary?

A root canal is necessary when the pulp inside the tooth becomes infected or inflamed. This can occur due to deep decay, a crack or chip in the tooth, repeated dental procedures on the tooth, or trauma to the tooth. If the infection or inflammation is left untreated, it can cause pain, swelling, and eventually lead to the loss of the tooth.

How is a root canal performed?

A root canal is typically performed over the course of two or three appointments. The first step involves numbing the affected tooth and creating an opening in the top of the tooth to access the pulp chamber. The infected or damaged pulp is then removed using small instruments, and the tooth’s interior is thoroughly cleaned and disinfected. Once the tooth is clean and dry, a rubber-like material called gutta-percha is used to fill the tooth’s interior and seal it. Finally, a filling or crown is placed on top of the tooth to restore its shape and function.

How much does a root canal cost?

The cost of a root canal can vary depending on several factors, including the severity of the infection or damage, the location of the tooth, and the complexity of the procedure. In general, a root canal can cost anywhere from $500 to $1500 or more. However, many dental insurance plans cover at least part of the cost of a root canal.

What is the recovery like after a root canal?

After a root canal, it is normal to experience some discomfort, swelling, and sensitivity. This can usually be managed with over-the-counter pain relievers and should subside within a few days. It is important to avoid chewing on the affected tooth until it has been restored with a filling or crown, as it may be weakened and more susceptible to further damage.

How can I prevent the need for a root canal?

The best way to prevent the need for a root canal is to practice good oral hygiene habits, including brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and visiting the dentist regularly for checkups and cleanings. You should also avoid chewing on hard or sticky foods, which can damage your teeth and increase your risk of infection.


Root canals are a common dental procedure that can help save a damaged or infected tooth. While they may seem intimidating, the procedure is typically quick and painless, and most patients experience a full recovery within a few days. If you are experiencing tooth pain or have been told you need a root canal, don’t hesitate to speak with your dentist about the best course of treatment.